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Television is Haram - Islamic Scholars are Unanimous
Posted by Jam_Ali on 16 September 2011
In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate, I shall present my research on the Evils of Television and why Islamic scholars are unanimous in declaring it as HARAM.
The Holy Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam said, "The severest punished on the Day of Qiyaamah will be the picture makers."
Without any doubt, the consensus of Islamic legal opinion is that pictures of living objects are Haraam. Not a single Islamic Law book or a single jurist of Islam has given a contrary opinion. It is only some of the learned ones of the 20th century who have and are endeavouring to abrogate the Law of Allah by despicably attempting to legalise absolutley any picture of an animate object. There are however a few purposive exceptions to this rule such as identification, security, medical and evidenciary material, etc that fall under rules of necessity and readers should refer individual cases to reputable scholars who can take all circumstances into consideration before advising. This article is concerned with the unnecessary display and vision of material of animate creation. The Law of Allah on unnecessary pictures of human beings or animals is final and irrevocable. Such pictures are condemned and outlawed by Shariah.
Television is a medium whose life and existence is dependent on pictures and the institution of picture production. Without pictures there is no television. The very term television means:
"The electrical transmission of pictures in motion".
(i) the making of pictures,
(ii) the keeping of pictures,
(iii) entering houses wherein there are pictures displayed and
(iv) looking and gazing at pictures with desire or satisfaction are all forbidden in Islam.
Therefore, a person who keeps a picture or a photo of an animate object is guilty of transgressing one or two of the above-mentioned Islamic prohibitions associated with pictures, for he may keep a picture without displaying it and looking at it occasionally. But, one who purchases a television set and enjoys its programmes is guilty of breaching all the Islamic prohibitions set out above.
AGAIN, I REPEAT,
The first and foremost warning of Islam against pictures is directed at the picture-makers. Our Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said,
"Every picture maker will be in fire."
"The severest punished on the Day of Qiyaamah will be the picture makers."
"The severest punished persons on the Day of Qiyaamah will be those who imitated Allah's aspects of creation."
(ATTENTION - Our Nabi sallallahu alaihe wasallam made this above statement while destroying a picture.)
The television is a medium that not only displays, but also actually produces pictures. By switching on your TV set you are actually assisting in image-production. Thus, those who indulge in TV are guilty of the Kabirah (great) sin of producing pictures for which terrible chastisement has been threatened by our Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam.
QUESTION 1: Do you hold that watching the news, documentaries (whether the documentaries are on wildlife, nature, war, history, etc.) on TV is also haram?
ANSWER: It is best to avoid television completely. There are other (more beneficial and less harmful) ways to stay abreast of the news and to gain useful knowledge. This is especially true when one has trouble avoiding that which is clearly impermissible on TV.
The position revered teachers, and god-fearing scholars is CRYSTAL CLEAR that TV is haram, because of its great harm (and the issue of it being picture-making, which the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wasallam) condemned in the sternest of ways. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wasallam) called looking at the haram as "the fornication of the eyes."
QUESTION 2: Would it be acceptable for me to watch Islamic programmes? There are some that come on TV.
ANSWER: Avoiding harm is given precedence, Islamically, to achieving benefits, especially when the harm is certain and the benefits possible to achieve through other means.
The Shariah has declared pictures of animate objects totally Haram, hence it is not permissible to derive any type of benefit or use from pictures. The prime purpose of a picture is to look at to gaze at it thus deriving mental satisfaction and pleasure. A picture is of no use to a blind person. He cannot admire or criticise it. Since a picture is produced to be admired, to be looked at, to be gazed at, looking with admration or looking with satisfaction at it will constitute the fulfilment of the actual and prime purpose of picture making. A picture is meant to be looked at and admired. Thus in fulfilling the purpose of pictures which are Haram we are aiding this Haraam practise of pictures, and in so doing we are transgressing Allah's command in the Quran,
"And do not aid (each other) in sin and transgression."
Even if no evil factor is associated with the picture, looking at it is not permissible because a picture according to Allah's Law is Haram, and the most important use or benefit of a picture is to look, gaze and admire it. If any un-Islamic element or evil factor is associated with the picture, e.g., the picture is of a female or a man whose satar is uncovered or the picture is of a person consuming or advertising alcohol, etc., then the prohibition of looking at such a picture will be stronger.
Like it is not permissible for males to gaze at females it is not permissible for females to gaze at males. The following verse of the Holy Quran is explicit in this prohibition.
"Say (O Muhammad) unto the believing men: cast down your gaze and guard your modesty..
And say unto the believing women: cast down your gaze and guard your modesty"
Television as an Agent of Zina (Fornication)
Stay away from all such things and practices which lead to Zina - which are stepping-stones to fornication.
All practises, things and institutions which aid and foster fornication and immodesty are forbidden by Islam. There are different categories of this abominable crime of Zina. Our Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said:
"The Zina of the eyes is to gaze (at that which is unlawful, e.g., nudity). The Zina of the ears is to listen (to talks of nudity which excites the carnal desire). The Zina of the tongue is to speak (what is evil). The Zina of the hand is to touch (the female which is unlawful to you). The Zina of the feet is to walk (towards immorality). The Zina of the heart is to desire (what is unlawful), and it is the private part which either commits or shuns the actual act of fornication."
TV AS PROPAGATOR OF FEMALE VOICE
The female voice, according to Islam, is also included in the category of satar, i.e. it has to be concealed and not revealed. Since the female voice is satar it is not permissible for males to listen to women singing or even reciting the Holy Quran. Allah, the Creator, is well aware of the lure for men which exists in the female voice, hence women in Islam are not permitted to raise their voices when speaking; neither are they permitted to recite aloud during salaah. When necessity demands that they have to speak to males then their speech should not be attractive, gentle and alluring like the deliberate "lure" put in speech by the "trained" women of the TV. Recognising the danger of allurement in the female voice, the Holy Quran commands women thus:
"And do not speak in alluring tones so that he in whose heart there is disease (of lust) desires."
"The tone-colour of a voice, and the intonation of a single word and it may be a word of no special meaning or association in itself - may excite incredible intensity of desire. The unique and precious significance that a woman's voice can give to 'you' or 'thou' can suffice to overwhelm man's power of endurance and control"
Islam has, hence, forbidden its women to speak in a soft or "sexually" sweet tone. If anyone is aware of the springs of sex-psychology he will clearly see the justification for Islam's restriction in this matter.
Islam commands the concealment of the female voice and prohibits its display in public, but television demands the contrary. Great use is made of the female voice on TV to advertise, to allure, to excite lust, and female singing with the accompaniment of music is most popular.
Mufti Muhammad Shafi sahib says:
"It is categorically Haraam - and it is Haram without any difference of opinion - to listen on a gramophone to such a voice, the listening to which is Haram in the real state. For example - singing of women even without music, and singing of men with music."
TV DIVERTS MAN'S ATTENTION FROM THE REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH
Our Holy Prophet sallallahu alaihe wasallam said,
"Every play (sport or amusement ) of the world excepting three (types of play) is Baatil (baseless, null and not permissible) - (The three types being) your practising with your bow and arrow; your training your horse and your playing with your family."
Islam can never condone or permit an institution that plays havoc with the spiritual, mental and moral development of mankind. The consequences of television are most disastrous for the well-being of man. Television, in fact subdues and subverts the entire nation morally, culturally and spiritually. The moral fibre of a nation is destroyed by the evil effect of TV. A nation of TV lovers becomes obsessed with immorality and crime.
In conclusion it has now been seen without any doubt and supported by all Islamic scholars unanimously that in the TV there exists the following un-Islamic factors:
3. Immorality - nudity, etc.
4. Agent of Zina
5. Negation of Hayaa (shame) (e.g., promotion of singing and the female voice)
6. Wasting time
7. Interferes with one's religious duties
8. Diverts one's attention from the Remembrance of Allah
9. Falls under the category described by Islam as lahw.
In view of this formidable array of evil factors and harmful effects no one can doubt the impermissibility of TV.
May Allah, in His Infinite Mercy, protect us all from the evils of television, May Allah guide all the Muslims to the righteous path and not fall into the trap set up by the Zionists funding agents of the TV business worldwide. Aameen.
maaz_nawaz wrote on 17 September, 2011
Watching TV (Source: Islamonline.net)
In fact, watching television is exactly like getting involved in any sort of reading books. Whatever affects ethics and religion negatively is Islamically unacceptable, and what is supportive to them is Islamically recommended. In general, television is like a vessel that could contain something good, as well as it could contain something bad; so it depends on what one watches in it.
maaz_nawaz wrote on 17 September, 2011
Not all TV programs are haram. It is haram to watch programs that show nudity or any type of indecency. As a Muslim we should always select channels and programs that are beneficial, educational, and informative. If, by accident, one happens to see any indecent thing, you should turn the TV off forthwith. In fact, the problem is not in the TV as a machine but in what a person sees in it. If one watches documentary movies, news, educational and Islamic programs, then there is nothing wrong in watching TV so long as the TV does not distract the person away from his/her Islamic duties such as prayer.”
Jam_Ali wrote on 17 September, 2011
Brother Maaz, your observation and comment is partially true. I am glad that you are aware of some of the evils of television but even the apparently harmless programming can be potentially very harmful to man and society. Scholars are unanimous about total boycott of television as they are immensely wise and practical. You know all programs in television are sponsored and the sponsorship comes from the advertisers who are only interested to sell goods and services. This is achieved by using females and showing their bodies. When the Quran issued the sternest of warning against picture making and picture makers, they could see the future of our society as to Allah everything that has happened, happening or will happen is perfectly known. So you may be watching a harmless program on forest conservation but the alluring tone of the in between advertisement or the presenter herself may incite the desire of fornication and you will be trapped by the Satan.
Jam_Ali wrote on 17 September, 2011
As I quoted The Holy Quran which tells us that the primacy is avoiding harm. If you are a Muslim and want to achieve benefits like knowledge, especially when the harm is certain and the benefits possible to achieve through other means, you should completely banish TV from your home and read good books on knowledge and about Islam which is the alternative way and will really get benefit.
Please don't twist the message of the Holy Quran or justify the evil like television in any way. Watching TV has the perils and sins similar to visiting whore houses and should not be encouraged, supported or justified by any Muslim.
Jam_Ali wrote on 17 September, 2011
Dear Brother Maaz, as you rightly said that Muslims should avoid programs which shows nudity and any form of indecency, can you name one single program in our TV channels that we can see for 30 minutes without seeing nudity and indecency?
sade wrote on 18 September, 2011
Forgive me, but regressing to medieval interpretations of Shariah and Quranic law is not in the best interests of contemporary Islamic society. Those Arabs must have been a hell of a repressed lot to be sexually aroused to the point being driven insane merely by a female voice. As to music, what do you think Dawood-ale-salaam's Zabur was if not the purest form of music? I say there is some good even in wine if you are evolved enough to restrain your baser instincts, i implore you, don't incite Muslims to get bogged down with these antiquated legalities of Shariah based on unverified quotes attributed to the Prophet, peace be on him. Remember evils like the fatwa which made a wife haraam for her husband after his father raped her?
DannyM wrote on 19 September, 2011
I also think that watching TV is a very bad practice. Here I fully agree with Jam. TV is the source of all evil things. Watching excessive television makes one's thought process, analytical power paralyzed.It is share wastage of precious time, nothing else. Instead of watching television , watching worthless soap operas, one should utilize his time to read good books( not trash pornographic thrillers) devote their time in satsang.Still I believe religious channels like Astha, Sanskar, scientific channels like Animal planet, National geographic,Discovery are good to watch as they provide lots of information.
sade wrote on 19 September, 2011
I am all for educated restraint and discipline, especially in the matter of children and teenagers, but for pete's sake we are no longer newly converted Arabs of that age who had to go running to the holy Prophet, peace be on him, for legislation regarding each and everything. Moderation is the core of Islam and it's teachings, taking that as a base and the Kalma, i daresay Muslims should learn to apply their reason and social conscience in the context of this age, at least in trivial matters..and a little nudity never really killed anyone. What, don't tell me my eyes will be gouged out with red hot coals in hell!
Jam_Ali wrote on 19 September, 2011
mr.sade, today it is little nudity, tomorrow it is a bit more, day after a full porno movie, the next day a visitation to the nearest whorehouse and a night over, the next month a paid three some and next season a full orgy under moonlight.
What crap are you talking to justify the immoral acts?
I am sure you are an excellent choice of the Zionist trying to destroy Islamic core values and make it a pagan religion of convenience. Islam means submission and there is no multiple choice given, ms. sade.
sade wrote on 19 September, 2011
In that case "lakum dinukum waliya-e-deen". I cannot conceive of as pessimistic and self denigrating a progression as that you dread. And i hereby dissociate myself from your concept and practice of Islamic values.
Moreover, this was not about any justification, it was about this crippled and obsessive reliance on, and reference to religious texts..at times it seems that a chimp under laboratory conditions would do better by relying on it's reflexes.
sade wrote on 20 September, 2011
Remember our raison d'etre as an Ummat, we are supposed to be Ashraful Makhlukhat ultimately, we have to progress from the original tribal, patriarchal society and it's interpretations of the Holy Book, we have to evolve..and that you would impose, nay, even hint at these absurd fatwas on music, images, and television in the name of Islam, how dare you?
Khair wrote on 25 November, 2011
Sounds like all the problems confronting the world and the Muslims have been resolved and the only one that remains is television, so something had to be done about this otherwise we won't be moving forward.
Khair wrote on 21 January, 2012
Rightly said SADE (pardon the pun).
I find it hard to understand how a piece of technology can be deemed haraam? People who say such things have no understanding of Islam at all. To them, Islam is the way it was first practiced in that society when the Holy Prophet revealed the message. Are we not supposed to acquire knowledge and spread knowledge? How are we going to do that if we deny advances in science, technology and other areas of human endeavour?
If this was a debate about content, I wouldn't mind. In fact, we would see people engaging in the discussion more readily, not just Muslims but others as well, because everyone has their ideas of what and how content should be disseminated to the public.
But to reject a "box" altogether simply because it has bad content occasionally or even frequently is sheer utter ignorance - "jahiliyya".
Blackrose wrote on 21 January, 2012
Television is one of the evils. Here I agree with SADE. Reason being the owners of various channels aired through TV are business men who have profile motives. Hence they always try to score high on TRP rating to attract more advertisement. In order to do so they always try to appeal to some basic instincts like nudity, Vulgarity etc. Various advertisements and programmes aired are full of theses contents which appeal strongly to the children in particular and they try to emulate those things in their lives without understanding the aftereffects.
Viewing something through eyes can create stronger impact than hearing. Also television reduces the reading habit. However channels like Sanskar, Astha, National geography, Discovery are very resourceful. It is up to the individual to judge which channel can enrich his knowledge and which one should be rejected.
Vani wrote on 21 January, 2012
LOL @ Khair :P
Khair wrote on 22 January, 2012
BLACKROSE is contradicting himself. He starts off saying television is an evil, but then towards the end he suggests it is up to the individual to judge which channel to watch and which to reject. If the first is true, then there is the argument for banning television. But it can't be true, because television is just a box - a piece of technology. If his last comment is true, then it is not the box that is at fault but the contents, which is precisely what I was saying.
If the fault lies with content, then the debate should be about that, not about a piece of technology.
Blackrose wrote on 23 January, 2012
Khair@ Yes, the contents of the channels are important.If they spread sex, violence, nudity then they should be rejected. However channels like Discovery, national geography etc are good indeed. However nowadays youths and kids suffer from "IDIOT BOX ADDICTION" and are becoming "COUCH POTATOES". Instead of playing outdoor games they prefer to watch cartoons, sports on the TV which might lead to obesity and not at all good for health. TV is taking position of books and excessive dependency on TV would reduce reading habits and would impair intellectual developments. TV is ideal for retired senior citizens only.
Khair wrote on 23 January, 2012
so you agree with me then, that it is the contents we should be talking about rather than the box?
Ranger wrote on 23 January, 2012
@ blackrose--based on your arguments we also need to ban cinemas, radio and magazines!
Khair wrote on 24 January, 2012
and books too because there is a lot of sex, violence, nudity are in books too
and how about banning people because a lot of them have sex, violence and nudity?
get my point?
DannyM wrote on 24 January, 2012
Khair@ I partially agree with black rose. your statement " how about banning.............." is funny.
Would you marry a girl or would you arrange marriage of your daughter or any family member with a guy who displays nudity in public or are violent in nature? Have you got my point?
Ranger@ The question of banning does not arise in a country like India, because we do not live in Saudi Arabia or Pakistan. I don't think that Black rose had indicated banning of TV or radio or magazines anywhere in his counter argument.This banning concept is your brain child.
Khair wrote on 24 January, 2012
@DANNYM, look at my last post! I did not address it to BLACKROSE. I picked up on what RANGER said and continued the argument he put forward.
My point is very clear "the discussion should be about the content and not the piece of technology" and it looks like BLACKROSE accepts that without specifically saying it.
But you had to put your two penny worth of bigotry into the mix, didn't you? No one is telling you to go and live in those countries. We know that you hate these countries, that is your wish, but to try to use it as diversion every time there is a discussion on ANY subject is pretty stupid I must say.
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